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A Brief Guide to Today's Contested Case Hearing on TMT

David Yee

Final oral arguments in the contested case hearing for the Thirty-Meter Telescope land use permit will be heard today in Hilo. Parties to the contested case will make their case before the state Board of Land and Natural Resources. HPR’s Ku’uwehi Hiraishi tells us what we can expect.

The state Board of Land and Natural Resources’ is about to make its biggest decision of the year - whether to issue a land use permit to allow construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope on Mauna Kea. For anyone who hasn’t been following the contested case hearing, UH Law Professor David Forman explains.

Credit Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
Mauna Kea is the world's best spot for astronomy and stargazing. The summit is home to 13 telescopes and observatories.

“It?s a conservation district area, so in order to build the telescope needs permission from the board. And so the board has some criteria that are set out,” says Forman, “And so the parties will argue a lot about whether that criteria will be met.”

After five months of testimony, hearing officer Riki May Amano found the application met the criteria and urged the Board issue the permit. She added 31 conditions to the recommendation, including mandating cultural training for employees, $1 million for STEM education, and more.  

“Now the Board will hear oral arguments based on the parties’ exceptions to that recommended order to try to convince the agency either approve, deny, or modify the permit,” says Forman.

Credit Flickr
Opponents of the Thirty-Meter Telescope on Mauna Kea consider the mountain sacred. Protests in 2015 blocked TMT construction convoys from reaching the project site. The Hawaii Supreme Court later that year voided the initial conservation land use permit granted to TMT and demanded opponents receive a Contested Case Hearing on the permit before it be re-issued by BLNR.

Basically, the 23 parties to the contested case hearing will pick apart Amano’s 305-page recommendation. Hundreds and hundreds of pages of exceptions and responses to exceptions give us a preview of what to expect at today’s hearing. A discussion likely to be revisited is increased development on Mauna Kea.

“Some of the parties were saying well look at how much development there is, so how can this have an adverse impact on you if it’s so heavily developed already?” says Forman, “But then some of the parties were saying well this kind of heavy development is inappropriate for a conservation district.”

All but a handful of the parties to the contested case hearing oppose the TMT. Most of the exceptions filed by pro-TMT parties are clarifications and typo corrections. Scott Ishikawa, spokesman for the telescope, is pleased with the progress considering TMT’s tight timeline.

Credit Thirty-Meter Telescope
Thirty-Meter Telescope
The 180-foot tall Thirty-Meter Telescope will allow astronomers to answer questions about the physics of planet and star formation, life in other solar systems, and the beginnings of our universe.

“TMT does have an April 2018 deadline to build either here on Mauna Kea or on the Canary Islands,” says Ishikawa, “But Mauna Kea is still our first priority building and we just remain hopeful that a permit will be issued and we can move forward with the process.”

Kealoha Pisciotta, President of Mauna Kea Anaina Hou who stands in opposition to the TMT is cautiously optimistic.

“We have made our compelling case. I’m concerned however that the hearing officer didn’t take into account actually almost anything from our witnesses and witness testimony,” says Pisciotta, “Here again we’re going to be going into this hearing trying to give this board a sense of what this hearing was actually about.”

Credit Eden Aken
Snow-capped Mauna Kea as seen from Wai'olena, Hilo.

Nonetheless, Forman says today’s hearing is mostly a formality with parties on both sides preparing for a Supreme Court showdown regardless of the board’s decision.

The Contested Case Hearing begins today, September 20, 2017, at 9:00 a.m. at the Crown Room in Naniloa Hotel in Hilo, Hawai?i. Doors will open to the public at 8:30 a.m. Seating is on a first come, first served basis. There will be no reserving seatings. Signs, posters, and other displays will not be allowed in the Crown Room or on the hotel premises. All 23 parties will each have 15 minutes to make their case. The hearing will also be streaming live on N? Leo TV

Kuʻuwehi Hiraishi is a general assignment reporter at Hawaiʻi Public Radio. Her commitment to her Native Hawaiian community and her fluency in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi has led her to build a de facto ʻōiwi beat at the news station. Send your story ideas to her at
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