Chozen-ji: Art as Spirit Practice
Chozen-ji, the Zen temple in Kalihi valley, was known as a center for Honolulu powerbrokers in the 1980’s and 90’s. Political and business deals were reportedly hashed out around a low table, in front of calligraphy by Miyamoto Musashi. HPR’s Noe Tanigawa visited recently as they prepare for an open house and art exhibition.
Since the founding abbot, Tenshin Tanouye Roshi passed in 2003, Chozen-ji has completed an archery range, a ceramics lab, and other facilities. They offer martial arts, flower arranging and calligraphy classes and will soon add ceramics. Tanouye Roshi's spiritual master, Omori Sogen, viewed fine art as a key component to training. He said, Zen develops spiritual insight and depth, martial arts training develops power and vitality, and the fine arts develop refinement and esthetic appreciation. Chozen-ji zen temple welcomes everyone to their Art Show and Open House Saturday, November 11 2018 from 9 to 4 and Sunday from 9 to 2pm.
"My basic practice is Japanese flute player. Since I like to shoot things, I do this," says Honda Roshi, the archery teacher.
"You read the zen books, they tell you you need three things before you can become enlightened. One, you have to have faith there is such a thing. That it isn’t a scam. The second thing is you need doubt. Great doubt, because you don’t know what it is. Doubt is difficult, especially for smart guys, because smart guys are not used to being in a position where they don’t know."
"Who is Noe Tanigawa? You can say, Noe Tanigawa is me. Okay fine. Take is deeper, who is this me, that is Noe Tanigawa? That’s doubt. If it kees coming coming coming back, if it builds, it goes from doubt to great doubt, you enter an existential crisis where you really want to find out. But it’s too uncomfortable. Very few people are willing to take it to that point," says Honda.
"That’s why the Buddha when he was enlightened, I heard, his first thoughts were that, This is too damn difficult for people, forget it," Honda says. "Then he was encouraged by people he had trained with and they told him, what you know you gotta share with the world. He agreed. And that’s how the whole thing started 2500 years ago, and it’s still here. We’re the 85th generation to carry that teaching." Gesturing to the archery field, Honda says,
"This Kyudo dojo was designed by Jackson Morisawa a long time ago. To me this is one of the most beautiful ranges you will ever find."
Michael Hodge is the resident monk at Chozen-ji.
Hodge: I wanted my life to be better and I hadn’t been in a venue that was willing to take on a whole human being. Schools are pretty good for educating people's minds, or athletics for the body, and when I encountered this place, it was the only place that said, we’ll take all of you, all the bad stuff, all the good stuff, all the stuff you haven’t figured out yet. If you’re willing to make that commitment, what comes out on the other side can be thar free and open but it’s not an easy path.
How does Chozen-ji compare to other zen dojo?
Hodge: We had a group sitting in Shanghai for a while, so we’d get people from all over the world who had been training in different traditions and I’ve never had somebody say that what they did somewhere else was more intense that what we do, or more brutal. This has always been the standard in terms of how deep can you train.
Getting whacked over the head with bamboo sticks and so on?
Hodge: We do have kendo here, but not so much intensity from physical violence, but just how sincere the effort is. We sit a long time, and we don’t indulge in “Something feels a little uncomfortable,” so we stop. We just go through it. at a basic level, it builds strength, a certain kind of physical and spiritual strength in people. On a deeper level, it provides a venue to touch those deep places of the human psyche physical experience, that can be uncomfortable, can be scary and you kind of need a laboratory, you kind of need a place that provides a controlled environment. Chozen-ji is really unique in that sense that we take all kinds of people, we see all kinds of reaction to that. That doesn’t scare us off to have people going deep.
The whole idea is to be as happy and free as Hotei, a jolly monk whose beaming bronze image greets everyone at the front of the temple. According to Mike Sayama, the abbot of Chozen-ji, “Hotei enters with bliss bestowing hands. You don’t know whether he is a sage or a fool but wherever he goes, he puts people into samadhi. Samadhi is the state of mind you try to cultivate where you’re fully present but without thought. In his gourd he has sake, in his bag, he has fish and he’s not supposed to have either as a Buddhist monk. But the idea is that, he doesn’t think about what is right or wrong, he just does what he wants, and whatever he does accords with the way. He’s one with the Tao. He’s free and happy.”
But he does more than communicate that to others, he bestows it on others?
"His kiai, your vibration, affects people. So if you’re really good enough, you don’t have to say anything. Just by who you are, you can take away suffering."
How would that work? Hodge related Honda Roshi’s demonstration with two tuning forks. First Honda struck one, producing a mellow, clear sound. He then grasped it, and the sound kept going—because the second fork had started vibrating too. He grasped the second tuning fork, stilling it, and we could tell the vibration had re-tuned the first fork. Chozen-ji is all about cultivating kiai, spiritual energy, or vibration.
"I’m a clinical psychologist. I have a Ph.D. in clinical psychology."
Mike Sayama has a PhD. in clinical psychology. He’s familiar with the labyrinthine recesses of the human psyche. Sayama says only a very few people are ever going to do “shugyo”, the deepest level of zen spiritual practice.
"In Japanese you have six different words that refer to the levels of training. You have keiko, renshyu, shuren, tanren, kufu, and shugyo. If you try to translate them into English, you can say practice, then you can say training, that‘s little more serious than practice, then you can say discipline, but you run out of words before you get to shugyo, which is the deepest possible spiritual training."
Tanouye Roshi’s goal was to bring shugyo to the West. That was the beginning of Chozen-ji. Chozen-ji is a place to do shugyo.
What does that entail? What Tanouye Roshi said shugyo entailed was zazen, sesshin, and the hojo, the core elements of shugyo.
"Zazen is meditation, sesshin is this intense period where you live for six days completely focused on training. You sit long hours, very little sleep, you have to pay attention to how you eat, in a very prescribed manner. The point is you can’t let your concentration slack for the whole period of time. Hojo is the old sword form".
Sayama Roshi toured the ceramics lab with its rare wood burning kiln. We entered the dojo which houses stunning examples of calligraphy by Omori Sogen, Tanouye Roshi’s teacher, the spiritual head of Chozen-ji. Ceramics by Myoshin Teruya, Tanouye Roshi’s student, also line the room, examples of Omori Roshi’s belief that Zen and the fine arts are integrally linked. In the book, Omori Sogen, The Art of a Zen Master by Hosokawa Dogen, the master is quoted as saying, technical training at the service of Buddha Mind allows kiai to flow freely, without interference from conscious thought or tensions in the body. It is believed that when a Zen master uses his brush, his spirit, kiai, is transmitted to the ink particles which preserve a particular depth and luster as a record of that moment.
Omori Roshi says, “When a Zen calligrapher pours his or her spirit into each stroke, every line becomes a vibrant force. Zen is the art of kiai.”
If you were looking for a place to maybe dabble in ceramics or flower arranging, Chozen-ji may not be your spot. But if you’d like to experience ceramics, calligraphy, flower arranging, and martial arts as a spiritual pursuit, you are most welcome to Chozen-ji’s Art Show and Open House. Find out more about their daily meditation practices at https://www.chozen-ji.org/about/ .