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Colonization complicated vaccine efforts for Native Hawaiians and Pacific Islanders, report finds

Photo Credit - Covid Pau 20220813_KP_KP108388_SLX_EDIT.jpg
COVID Pau
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Community-led outreach events like this helped improve access to COVID-19 testing and vaccination for Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities, and was found to be a best practice in Hawai‘i’s vaccine effort.

The impacts of colonization have complicated efforts to vaccinate Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander communities against COVID-19.

They range from the degradation of natural resources to broken promises from federal and state governments.

Public researcher Keʻalohilani Worthington says that one of the recurring themes in vaccine hesitancy is that it isn't just one factor that causes these discrepancies.

"It’s a multitude of things. Everybody has a multitude of factors influencing what’s going on at home," Worthington says.

Worthington is one of the authors of a report examining the COVID-19 vaccination effort in NHPI communities.

Researchers who interviewed frontline workers found generational trauma in the NHPI community that can manifest itself through structural racism and inadequate or inappropriate health care — which undermined trust enjoyed by other communities.

But Worthington says community-led testing and vaccination efforts have worked in both rebuilding trust and prioritizing cultural values and traditions.

"We created safe spaces, culturally-relevant safe spaces that provided services that didn’t just address like COVID itself, but addressed other needs that are going on."

She says that the state health department also collaborated on the work, a follow-up to DOH’s 2021 report describing how long-standing systemic inequalities were laid bare during the COVID-19 pandemic.

State Epidemiologist Dr. Sarah Kemble says the findings in this report may be unique to Hawaiʻi's population, but can provide insight to public health efforts in marginalized and underserved communities around the world.

"We know a lot of these themes — people in DOH, our community members — are familiar with these themes," Kemble says.

"There’s a lot of lessons learned captured here that I’m not sure other states in the U.S. and other states in the world are aware of and so I think sharing those experiences of what we’ve learned about the approaches to equity during an emergency is really important to share and get out there."

Kuʻuwehi Hiraishi is a general assignment reporter at Hawaiʻi Public Radio. Her commitment to her Native Hawaiian community and her fluency in ʻōlelo Hawaiʻi has led her to build a de facto ʻōiwi beat at the news station. Send your story ideas to her at khiraishi@hawaiipublicradio.org.
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