The pollinators are the work horse of the forest. They are the mammals, birds, and insects that perform the invaluable act of pollination. The pollinators themselves are not without their enemies in the natural world.
The Pueo, sometimes called the Hawaiian owl, are an endangered species on Oʻahu, where they are threatened by ground-based predators and urban development, including light pollution. The Hakalau Forest on the windward slope of Mauna Kea provides a safe habitat for the Pueo to make a comeback.
The ʻiʻiwi is one of the most remarkable examples of evolutionary adaptation in the Hawaiian islands. Once found in abundance on each of the isalnds, it is now extinct on Lanaʻi and facing hardship on Oʻahu and Molokaʻi.
Sandalwood, prized for its mystical powers of healing, is used in ritual proceedings and alternative medicine across Asia. In Hawaiʻi, trade in this valuable wood brought about the collapse of tree populations by 1830. While the sandalwood trade is long gone, a surviving sandalwood forest exists in a 120,000 acre region on the island of Hawaiʻi.