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Kauai's Russian Fort Might Be Less Russian Than Believed

Russian Fort Elizabeth Kauai Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park
Wikimedia Commons
A reconstruction of Russian Fort Elizabeth, or Pāʻulaʻula, on Kauaʻi by Dr. Aleksandr (Alexander) Molodin and Dr. Peter R. Mills

Pa?ula?ula o Hipo, the site of Fort Elizabeth, the fort built by Russian trading interests in the early 19th century, is best remembered as the setting for the brief alliance between the Russian-American Company and Kauai's High Chief Kaumuali?i. But there's more than one story behind what is now a National Historic Landmark.

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