Howard's Day Off - September 24 2016

Sep 24, 2016

---FIRST HALF HOUR---

:04—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): String Quartet No. 19 in C, K. 465, “Dissonant,” minuet move., 1785, Emerson Sring Quartet [DG 5523]. The first hot air balloon crossing of the English Channel was in 1785.

:09—Antonio Salieri (1750-1825): Overture to “La Grotta Di Trifonio,” 1785, Michael Dittrich, Slovak Radio Symphony of Bratislava [Naxos 554838]. The dollar was chosen as the official money of the United States in 1785.

:15--Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Piano Concerto No. 20 in D minor, first move., 1785, Vladimir Ashkenazy w/Hans Schmidt-Issertstedt, London Symphony [London 417 726]. Friedrich Schiller wrote the “Ode to Joy” in 1785.

---SECOND HALF HOUR---

:30—Ignace Pleyel (1757-1831): Symphony in C, circa 1778, first move., Uwe Grodd, Capella Intropolitana [Naxos 554696]. Famous as a composer before founding his piano making company.

:37—Michael Haydn (1737-1806): Sym. No. 34 in E flat major, slow move., 1788,  Johannes Goritzki, New German Chamber Academy [CPO 999 379]. Sydney, Australia, founded in 1788.

:40—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): String Quartet No. 19 in C, K. 465, “Dissonant,” finale, 1785, Emerson Sring Quartet [DG 5523]. In 1785 an American patented several key factory machines, including conveyer belts and buckets to carry raw materials.

:46—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Sym. No. 40 in G minor, 1788, Karl Bohm, Berlin Philharmonic [DG 447 416]. Most states ratified the Constitution in 1788.

:55--Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): “The Impresario,” overture, 1786,  Leopold Hager, English Chamber Orchestra [Novalis 150 041]. Mont Blanc conquered in 1786.

---THIRD HALF HOUR---

:04—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): String Quartet No. 15 in D minor, K. 421, minuet move., Emerson Sring Quartet [DG 5523].

:08—Michael Haydn (1737-1806): Sym. No. 34 in E flat major, first move., 1788,  Johannes Goritzki, New German Chamber Academy [CPO 999 379].

:12—Antonio Salieri (1750-1825): Overture to “Axur, Re d’Ormus,” 1788, Michael Dittrich, Slovak Radio Symphony of Bratislava [Naxos 554838].

:16—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): “Don Giovanni,” overture, 1787, Leopold Hager, English Chamber Orchestra [Novalis 150 041].

:23—Luigi Boccherini (1743-1805): Minuet from String Quintet in E, Op. 13, 1776, I Musici [Philips 438 377]. Sometimes called “Haydn’s wife” because his music had less bite.

---FOURTH HALF HOUR---

:30—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Sym. No. 41, “Jupiter,” finale, 1788, Karl Bohm, Berlin Philharmonic [DG 447 416].

:37—Michael Haydn (1737-1896): Sym. No. 39 in C major, finale, 1788, Johannes Goritzki, New German Chamber Academy [CPO 999 379]. Another bright finale with fugato passages.

:43—C.P.E. Bach (1714-1788): String Symphony No. 5 in B minor, finale, commissioned in 1773, Trevor Pinnock, The English Concert [Archiv 415 300]. Pre-echoes of the “Jupiter” finale in this 1773 symphony finale by C.P.E. Bach, who died in 1788.

(TRICK QUESTION: IS THIS MUSIC FROM 1685?)

:46—Andre and Jacques Philidor: “Marche de timbales,” composed for Louis XIV’s 1685 carousel [Naxos 557610].

:48—Joseph Haydn (1732-1809): “Seven Last Words of Christ,” finale, 1787, Julius Rudel, Orchestra of St. Luke’s [MusicMasters 60238].

:50—Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): Keyboard Sonata in B flat, Op. 24, finale, published in 1788, Balazs Szokolay, piano [Naxos 550452].

:54—Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756-1791): Piano Sonata No. 16 in C, K. 545, first move., 1788, Daniel Barenboim, piano [EMI 67294].

In 1785, the king of France signed a law that a handkerchief must be square. Napoleon is a lieutenant in the French artillery.

In 1787, “Eine kleine nachtmusik” premieres. Beethoven meets Mozart. Leopold Mozart and Willibald Gluck die.

In 1788, C.P.E. Bach dies.